Auiluma Lotoala - Project Coordinator 

Project Name:“Indigenous peoples and local communities renewing

biological and cultural diversity”

Tuvalu – Project Description 


Country-specific goal or objective for the next phase or vision or mission statement of what the partner would like to see accomplished with the help of the Swedbio project in 4 years.


Tuvalu is one of the smallest countries in the world with 26km square landmass and only have around 11,000 of its population. Climate change is a major issue to the healthy living of our people. The Tuvalu Association of Non-Government Organizations (TANGO) is currently working in collaboration with government partners to sustain a healthy future for all communities. However, TANGO have set goals for few of the target communities which have been affected seriously with climate change. These communities are priorities to the TANGO strategic plan.  Communities are known as; Magomahi (Nanumaga Island), Nanumea Island, Funafuti Island and Nukulaelae Island.



1. Improve awareness and understanding of climate change and Indigenous Local Knowledge.

2. Strengthen research survey and different groups inclusive.

3. Ensure Community Adaptation Plans (CAPs) completion within time-frame.

4. Achieve set goals within Island Strategy Plans of each community.

5. Improve time management within target groups.

6. To focus mainly on the specific community. Community to implement the project plans.


To have the next phase, TANGO is recommending for each community to implement their Island Strategy Plan focusing on the Livelihood Sustainability. Magomahi and Nanumea Island community will have to implement their projects within the four years.


  1. Short description of the current political/legal/policy situation and foreseen opportunities or challenges in that respect for communities and their rights and territories.


The current political situation for Tuvalu is flexible, supportive and protective. The challenges which may have seen within projects’ development is the cut off funding, lack of funding support and the translation of English to Indigenous language. However, other than these challenges, rights and territories are not a big challenge but sometimes it is a challenge, depending on the new policies that the government of the day created.


Indigenous rights are very respected with the Tuvalu society, however it depends on what work, business and project development we do. If they don’t benefit, if it is affecting their community and their environment mostly the livelihood sustainability and then the outcome is not what we are expecting. 


  1. Description of the target groups - which communities are projected to be included (benefitted), in which locations, how many people are this?


Magomahi (Nanumaga Island) and Nanumea Island.

Both communities are located in the North of Tuvalu. In Nanumaga Island the population is around 400 to 500 people and in Nanumea Island the population is around 700 to 800 people.


TANGO is targeting the two communities as these are the most vulnerable communities in the country. Target groups will be implementing their Community Adaptation Plans focused on environmental sustainability and healthy living.


In the environment sustainability plans the community will be focusing on biodiversity and protected areas for their better living. With the healthy living, plans focusing on good facilities, materials, food preservation and water security.


  1. External factors, risks and assumptions associated with the planned activities and goals -  including mitigation measures for identified risks


Tuvalu is currently a zero COVID-19 and government is in the normal restriction process for the safety of Tuvalu citizens. The risks of covid-19 to the community is less to be considered at this stage of zero COVID-19. However, some of the communities are taking precautions for safety.


In-country developments are much likely considered for the risks of climate change. Adaptation and mitigation plans continue to be implemented.


  1. Outcomes for biodiversity, healthy ecosystems and human wellbeing - landscapes/ecosystems where the project is situated / sites that communities want to conserve, restore, rehabilitate


Of course, biodiversity is very important for food preservation and for other traditional needs. Biodiversity in-land planting of coconut trees for food preservation and for protection of sea-level rising seems to be affected because of climate change.


On Funafuti Island (main island), trees have been washed away by the sea-water and uprooted by the strong wind. Iron wastes aside of the sea scatter because of the high tide waves and strong wind. In Nukulaelae, the community have their protected areas to restore crop plantations for food preservations. Since this project from FPP-SwedBio commenced within the target groups, individuals have realized how importance biodiversity is. To be restored and protected for the community healthy living. Many people do not understand what biodiversity is, why they should be protecting such thing. As the project extend its work with the target groups with the main activities like; workshop awareness, research and observation fieldtrips, planting of crops etc.  Communities acknowledge the support funding and the good work of the project.


Today, communities are establishing more conservation areas, both marine and land areas for the benefit of their people. It is also a major response to climate change risks, people to eat healthy by harvesting their traditional crop foods not to depend on imported food which they knew it has caused diseases and unhealthy habits in the community.


Therefore, communities would like to have the project continue and to meet the goals of their Community Adaptation Plans and their Island Strategy Plans.


Priorities under the work packages


Work Package 1: Investing in inclusive and adaptive community leadership and good governance.

Outcomes: Communities have extended meeting halls for workshop and consultation meeting purpose. The communities have well communicated with government institutions for assistance. Communities have increased in capacity building and understanding of policies and decision making for projects implementations. Leadership is increasingly improved in communities, involvement of elders and chiefs is proficient.

Activities: - Engagement of youths and elders, awareness, capacity building, empowering of community leaders, organizations, institutions and networks.

  • Programmes for enhancing gender-inclusive engagement and investing in youth leadership and children participation.

  • Facilitate and enable inter and intra-community solidarity, collaboration with local partners and inclusive all age groups.


Work Package 2: Supporting collective action on biodiversity, climate change and community resilience


Outcomes:  Communities have strengthened the participation of people to understand the importance of sustainability biodiversity. Resilience have increased practice within the communities in response to climate change risks. Health status of the community is improving with biodiversity actions.


Activities: - Restore biodiversity areas. Establish more protected areas for food preservation or for herbal medicines.

  • Monitoring and observing conservation areas

  • Implement the community adaptation plans for a healthy environment.

  • Participatory mapping of lands, waters and resources (GIS, 3D, others) and other community-based research. 

  • Support communities with equipment/tools for gardening and crop plantations

  • Discuss further on the impact of climate change on the sustainability biodiversity and community.

  • Reviving traditional knowledge, records indigenous local knowledge and establish a documentation.

  • Participatory mapping of lands, waters and resources (GIS, 3D, others) and other community-based research. 


Work package 3: Enabling and promoting informed and effective advocacy and engagement in law and policy decision-making and implementation at national, regional and global levels


Outcomes: Recognition of indigenous people at regional and national level. Community adaptation plans and proposals have given to national level to be recognized and to take actions.  Indigenous people are including in decision making at community and national level.

Activities: - Propose meetings with government institution and be part of the decision making.

  • Involvement with project implementations

  • Promote and support Indigenous peoples’ voice and needs at national and sub-national level.

  • Partners support on Indigenous Local Knowledge project action plans.

  • Introduce participatory processes for using social and environmental accountability systems and reviewing legislation.

Project Report 2020